ASA Refresher Courses 2008 provides nineteen loose-leaf peer-reviewed articles developed from lectures on topics of current clinical interest that are selected from regional and national ASA Refresher Course lectures?a core resource among the American Society of Anesthesiologists´ (ASA) educational offerings. This publication offers ASA members continuing professional development as it includes up-to-date facts, and scientific and clinical data. ASA Refresher Courses 2008 is a valuable tool for veteran anesthesiologists as well as residents and new practitioners alike, to keep on top of the latest developments in this field. Purchasers of the 2007 and 2008 ASA Refresher Courses in Anesthesiology series are eligible to earn CME credit from the American Society of Anesthesiologists. Visit www.asa-refresher-cme.asahq.org for fees and details.